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能源发展实现历史巨变 节能降耗唱响时代旋律

2018-07-19 18:06:49 国家统计局

能源发展实现历史巨变 节能降耗唱响时代旋律

分分快3——xinzhongguochengli70zhounianjingjishehuifazhanchengjiuxiliebaogaozhisi

xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanshiyecangsangjubian。xinzhongguochenglichuqi,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanshengchanshuipinghendi,gongqiuguanxijinzhang,cunzaiyanzhongdejiegouxingwenti。70nianhoudejintian,suizhefenfenkuai3guojingjidekuaisufazhanheshehuishengchanlidexianzhuzengqiang,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanlingyufashenglefantianfudidebianhua,qudelejushizhumudeweidachengjiu,nengyuanshengchanbuduangongjiankenan,shixiankuayueshifazhan,nengyuanxiaofeibuduantigaoshuiping,shixianlishixinggaishan。dangdeshibadayilai,quanguoshangxiashenruguancheluoshixinfazhanlinian,chongfenbawoxinshidaiduinengyuanshiyefazhandexinyaoqiu,buduanqianghuagexiangjienengjianghaozhengceluoshi,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanshiyequdexinjinzhan,nengyuanjiegouxianzhuyouhua,jienengjianghaochengxiaojuda。

一、新中国成立以来能源政策不断完善,有力推动分分快3国能源事业飞跃发展

nengyuanshirenleishengcunhefazhandezhongyaowuzhijichu,shixiandaishehuifazhanbukehuoquedejibentiaojian,youguanguojiminshengheguojiaanquan,duiguojiafanrongfazhan、renminshenghuogaishan、shehuizhangzhijiuanzhiguanzhongyao。

xinzhongguochenglichuqi,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanjichushifenboruo。shangshiji50-70niandai,nengyuanfazhandedaozhongshi。cong“yiwu”jihuazhi“wuwu”jihua,guojiaduidianli、meikuang、shiyoudengnengyuangongyefazhanzuochulejutibushu,tongshitichujieyueshiyongdianli、meitan、shiyoudeng。gaigekaifangyilai,zaibuduanjiaqiangnengyuanziyuankaifahejichusheshifenfenkuai3dejichushang,fenfenkuai3guogengjiazhuzhongnengyuanfazhanzhilianghexiaolv,cong“liuwu”jihuadao“shiwu”jihua,zhubutichutigaojingjixiaoyihenengyuanxiaolv,jianchijieyueyukaifabingju,bajieyuefangzaishouwei,youhuanengyuanjiegou,jijifazhanxinnengyuan,tuidongnengyuanjishufazhan,tigaonengyuanliyongxiaolv。

jinruxinshijihou,mianduiziyuanzhiyueriyijiaju、shengtaihuanjingyueshutuxiandetuchuwenti,fenfenkuai3guojianchijieyueziyuanhebaohuhuanjingdejibenguoce,jijizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi,buduanjiadajienenglidu,jiangdanweigdpnenghaozhibiaozuoweiyueshuxingzhibiaolianxuxieru“shiyiwu”、“shierwu”he“shisanwu”guominjingjiheshehuifazhanwunianguihuagangyao,xiangjichutailenengyuanfazhan“shiyiwu”、“shierwu”、“shisanwu”guihuahe《nengyuanfazhanzhanlvexingdongjihua(2014-2020nian)》、《nengyuanshengchanhexiaofeigemingzhanlve(2016-2030)》dengganglingxingwenjian,yiji《nengyuanjishugemingchuangxinxingdongjihua(2016–2030nian)》、《kezaishengnengyuanfazhan“shisanwu”guihua》dengzhuanxiangwenjian。dangdeshibadayilai,mianduiguojinengyuanfazhanxinqushi、nengyuangongxugejuxinbianhua,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaozhanyuanzhu,jianchilvsefazhanlinian,dalituijinshengtaiwenmingfenfenkuai3,tichu“nengyuangeming”dezhanlvesixiang,weifenfenkuai3guonengyuanfazhanzhiminglefangxiang、mingquelemubiao,tuidongnengyuanshiyequdexinjinzhan。

二、能源生产实现跨越式发展,基础性保障作用持续增强

xinzhongguochenglichuqi,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanshengchannenglibuzu、shuipingbugao。1949nian,nengyuanshengchanzongliangjinwei0.2yidunbiaozhunmei。jingguo70niandekuaisufazhan,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanshengchanzhubuyouruodaoqiang,shengchannengliheshuipingdafutisheng,yiyuechengweishijienengyuanshengchandiyidaguo,jibenxingchenglemei、you、qi、kezaishengnengyuanduolunqudongdenengyuanshengchantixi,chongfenfahuilejianshiyoulidejichuxingbaozhangzuoyong。2018nian,nengyuanshengchanzongliangda37.7yidunbiaozhunmei[1],bi1949nianzengzhang157.8bei,nianjunzengzhang7.6%。

分分快3zhuyaonengyuanpinzhongshengchanquanmianfazhan。yuanmeichanliang1949nianjinwei0.3yidun,2018niandadao36.8yidun,bi1949nianzengzhang114.0bei,nianjunzengzhang7.1%;yuanyouchanliang1949nianjinwei12.0wandun,2018niandadao1.9yidun,zengzhang1574.9bei,nianjunzengzhang11.3%;tianranqichanliang1949nianjinwei0.1yilifangmi,2018niandadao1602.7yilifangmi,zengzhang22894.7bei,nianjunzengzhang15.7%;fadianliang1949nianjinwei43.0yiqianwaxiaoshi,2018niandadao71117.7yiqianwaxiaoshi,zengzhang1652.9bei,nianjunzengzhang11.3%。

三、能源消费保持较快增长,用能条件和水平不断改善

分分快3xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,suizhefenfenkuai3guojingjikuaisufazhan、renminshenghuoshuipingbuduantigao,nengyuanxiaofeizhengtichengxianjiaokuaizengzhangtaishi。1953nian,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanxiaofeizongliangjinwei0.5yidunbiaozhunmei,2018niandadao46.4yidunbiaozhunmei,bi1953nianzengzhang84.8bei,nianjunzengzhang7.1%。

renjunyongnengshuipingxianzhutigao。1953nian,fenfenkuai3guorenjunnengyuanxiaofeiliangjinwei93qiankebiaozhunmei,2018niandadao3332qiankebiaozhunmei,bi1953nianzengzhang34.8bei,nianjunzengzhang5.7%。

分分快3nengyuanxiaofeidanxingxishu[2]buduanxiajiang。1954nian,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanxiaofeidanxingxishugaoda3.54,2018nianwei0.50,bi1954niandanxingxishudi3.04,bi1954-2005nian、2006-2017nianpingjundanxingxishufenbiedi0.49、0.01。

四、能源结构大幅优化,清洁低碳化进程不断加快

xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,suizhefenfenkuai3guonengyuanzongliangbuduanfazhanzhuangda、yongnengfangshijiakuaibiange,nengyuanjiegouchixudafuyouhuagaishan,qingjieditanhuajinchengbuduanjiakuai。

分分快3shengchanjiegouzhubuxiangqingjiehuazhuanbian。shoufenfenkuai3guonengyuanziyuanbingfu“duomeishaoyouqueqi”tedianyingxiang,xinzhongguochenglichuqi,yuanmeizhannengyuanshengchanzongliangdebizhonggaoda96.3%,qitapinzhongyuanyoujinzhanbi0.7%,shuidianzhanbi3%。70nianlai,yuanmeizhanbizaibodongzhongchixuxiajiang,2018nianxiajiangdaozuidide69.3%;yuanyouzhanbiwenbutigaodao1976nianzuigaode24.8%houzhubuxiajiang,2018nianxiajiangdao7.2%;tianranqi、yicidianlijiqitanengyuandengqingjienengyuanzhanbizongtichixutigao,tianranqiyou1957nianzuidide0.1%tigaodao2018nianzuigaode5.5%,yicidianlijiqitanengyuanyou1949niande3.0%tigaodao2018nianzuigaode18.0%。

分分快3xiaofeijiegouchixuyouhuagaishan。shouziyuanbingfutedianyingxiang,meitanzhanfenfenkuai3guonengyuanxiaofeizongliangbizhongshizhongbaochidiyi,danzongtichengxianxiajiangqushi,you1953niande94.4%xiajiangdao2018nianzuidide59.0%;shiyouzhanbizaibodongzhongtigao,you1953nianzuidide3.8%tigaodao2018niande18.9%;tianranqi、yicidianlijiqitanengyuandengqingjienengyuanzhanbizongtichixutigao,tianranqiyou1957nianzuidide0.1%tigaodao2018nianzuigaode7.8%,yicidianlijiqitanengyuanyou1953niande1.8%tigaodao2018nianzuigaode14.3%。

五、能效水平显著提升,单位GDP能耗不断下降

分分快3xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,suizhefenfenkuai3guonengyuankejichuangxinnenglibuduantisheng,nengyuanjishuzhuangbeitufeimengjinfazhan,zidonghua、zhinenghua、shuzihuatuidongnengyuanxitongbuduanyouhua,nengxiaoshuipingdedaoxianzhutisheng,2018niandanweigdpnenghaobi1953nianjiangdi43.1%,nianjunxiajiang0.9%。congdanweigdpnenghaozhibiaozhi(gdpan2018nianjiagejisuan)laikan,you1953niande0.91dunbiaozhunmei/wanyuanzhubushangshengdao1960nianzuigaode2.84dunbiaozhunmei/wanyuanhouzhubuxiajiang,70niandaikaishiyouzhubushangshenghou,jibenchengxianwenbuxiajiangtaishi,2018nianxiajiangdaozuidide0.52dunbiaozhunmei/wanyuan;congdanweigdpnenghaojiangdilvlaikan,zaigaigekaifangzhiqianbodongjiaoda,duoshunianfenweishangsheng,gaigekaifangzhihoujibenbaochixiajiangtaishi。

六、“十一五”以来能源发展进入新阶段,节能降耗取得巨大成效

分分快3“shiyiwu”yilai,fenfenkuai3guogaoduzhongshijienengjianghaogongzuo,luxuchutaiduoxiangjienengjianghaozhengcecuoshi,buduanjiaqiangjienengjianpaitizhi、jizhi、fazhihenenglifenfenkuai3,qieshituijingongye、jianzhu、jiaotongdengzhongdianlingyujienengjianghao,tongguojiakuaichanyediaozheng、taotailuohouchanneng、youhuanengyuanjiegouhetuijinjienengxingshehuifenfenkuai3dengfangshi,cushifenfenkuai3guonengyuanfazhanjinruxinjieduan,jienengjianghaoqudejudachengxiao。

nengyuanshengchanyouchuantongnengyuanjiasuxiangxinnengyuanzhuanbian。“shiyiwu”yilai,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanshengchanfashengjudabiange,fazhandongliyouchuantongnengyuanjiasuxiangxinnengyuanzhuanbian,nengyuanjiegouyouyuanmeiweizhujiasuxiangduoyuanhua、qingjiehuazhuanbian。yuanmei、yuanyoudengchuantongnengyuanshengchanzengsumingxianfanghuan,zhanbidafuxiajiang: 2005-2018nian,yuanmeichanliangnianjunzengzhang3.5%,bi1949-2005niannianjunzengsuhuiluo4.5gebaifendian,zhannengyuanshengchanzongliangbizhong2018nianbi2005nianxiajiang8.1gebaifendian;yuanyouchanliangnianjunzengzhang0.3%,nianjunzengsuhuiluo13.7gebaifendian,zhanbixiajiang4.1gebaifendian。tianranqi、shuidian、hedian、xinnengyuan(fengdian、taiyangnengjiqitanengyuan)dengqingjienengyuanjiasufazhan,zhanbibuduantigao: tianranqichanliangnianjunzengzhang9.5%,zhanbitigao2.6gebaifendian;yicidianlijiqitanengyuanchanliangnianjunzengzhang10.2%,zhanbitigao9.6gebaifendian。

nengyuanxiaofeiguokuaizengzhangshitoudedaoyouxiaokongzhi,qingjieditanhuaqushijiakuai。“shiyiwu”yilai,fenfenkuai3guonengyuanxiaofeigemingbuduanshenhua,yongnengfangshibuduanbiange,qingjieditanhuajinchengxianzhujiakuai,pinzhongjiegoujixuyouhua,liyongxiaolvgao、wuranxiaodeqingjienengyuanxiaofeibizhongjinyibutigao,nengyuanxiaofeidedaoyouxiaokongzhi。2005-2018nian,nengyuanxiaofeizongliangnianjunzengzhang4.5%,bi1980-2005niannianjunzengsuhuiluo1.5gebaifendian。meitan、shiyoudengchuantongnengyuanxiaofeizengsujianhuan: meitanxiaofeinianjunzengzhang3.7%,nianjunzengsuhuiluo2.0gebaifendian,zhannengyuanxiaofeizongliangbizhong2018nianbi2005nianxiajiang13.4gebaifendian;shiyouxiaofeinianjunzengzhang5.0%,nianjunzengsuhuiluo0.4gebaifendian,zhanbitigao1.1gebaifendian。tianranqi、shuidian、hedian、xinnengyuan(fengdian、taiyangnengjiqitanengyuan)dengqingjienengyuanxiaofeigaosuzengzhang,zhanbidafutigao: tianranqixiaofeinianjunzengzhang14.8%,nianjunzengsujiakuai9.9gebaifendian,zhanbitigao5.4gebaifendian;yicidianlijiqitanengyuanxiaofeinianjunzengzhang9.9%,nianjunzengsujiakuai1.2gebaifendian,zhanbitigao6.9gebaifendian。

jienengjianghaoqudejudachengxiao。“shiyiwu”yilai,zaigexiangjienengjianghaozhengcecuoshidedalituidongxia,jingguoquanshehuidegongtongnuli,fenfenkuai3guodanweigdpnenghaozhengtichengxianxiajiangtaishi,2005-2018nianleijijiangdi41.5%,nianjunxiajiang4.0%,bi1952-2005niannianjunjiangfukuoda3.9gebaifendian,jienengjianghaoqudejudachengxiao。“shiyiwu”shiqi,danweigdpnenghao2010nianbi2005nianjiangdimubiaowei20%zuoyou,shijixiajiang19.3%;“shierwu”shiqi,danweigdpnenghao2015nianbi2010nianjiangdimubiaowei16%yishang,shijixiajiang18.4%;“shisanwu”shiqi,danweigdpnenghao2020nianbi2015nianjiangdimubiaowei15%,2018nianbi2015nianyixiajiang11.4%。

dangqian,shijienengyuangejushenkediaozheng,yingduiqihoubianhuatishangyicheng,nengyuanzhilitixijiasuzhonggou,xinyilunnengyuangemingpengboxingqi。suizhefenfenkuai3guojingjifazhanburuxinchangtai,nengyuanzhuanxingbiangerenzhongdaoyuan,chuantongnengyuanchannengjiegouxingguoshengwentirengjiaotuchu,fazhanzhilianghexiaolvjidaitisheng,jienengjianghaomianlinjieduanxingyali,youxiaokongzhinengyuanxiaofeizonglianghewancheng“shisanwu”danweigdpnenghaojiangdi15%demubiao,rengxujixunuli。“shisanwu”shiqishiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuidejueshengjieduan,yeshituidongnengyuangemingdexulijiasuqi,fenfenkuai3bixushenruguancheluoshidangdeshijiudajingshen,yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,laogushulichuangxin、xiediao、lvse、kaifang、gongxiangdefazhanlinian,zunxunnengyuanfazhan“sigegeming、yigehezuo”zhanlvesixiang,shenrutuijinnengyuangeming,zhelituidongnengyuangaozhiliangfazhan,fenfenkuai3qingjieditan、anquangaoxiaodexiandainengyuantixi,tuidongshengtaiwenmingfenfenkuai3maishangxintaijie。

zhu: [1]benwenzhong2018nianshujuweichubuhesuanshu。

[2]nengyuanxiaofeidanxingxishu=nengyuanxiaofeizengzhangsudu/gdpzengzhangsudu。

(guojiatongjijunengyuansi)

(责任编辑:一鸣)
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